Qt Reference Documentation

QAbstractSpinBox Class Reference

The QAbstractSpinBox class provides a spinbox and a line edit to display values. More...

 #include <QAbstractSpinBox>

Inherits: QWidget.

Inherited by: QDateTimeEdit, QDoubleSpinBox, and QSpinBox.

Public Types

enum ButtonSymbols { UpDownArrows, PlusMinus, NoButtons }
enum CorrectionMode { CorrectToPreviousValue, CorrectToNearestValue }
flags StepEnabled
enum StepEnabledFlag { StepNone, StepUpEnabled, StepDownEnabled }


  • 58 properties inherited from QWidget
  • 1 property inherited from QObject

Public Functions

QAbstractSpinBox ( QWidget * parent = 0 )
~QAbstractSpinBox ()
Qt::Alignment alignment () const
ButtonSymbols buttonSymbols () const
CorrectionMode correctionMode () const
virtual void fixup ( QString & input ) const
bool hasAcceptableInput () const
bool hasFrame () const
void interpretText ()
bool isAccelerated () const
bool isReadOnly () const
bool keyboardTracking () const
void setAccelerated ( bool on )
void setAlignment ( Qt::Alignment flag )
void setButtonSymbols ( ButtonSymbols bs )
void setCorrectionMode ( CorrectionMode cm )
void setFrame ( bool )
void setKeyboardTracking ( bool kt )
void setReadOnly ( bool r )
void setSpecialValueText ( const QString & txt )
void setWrapping ( bool w )
QString specialValueText () const
virtual void stepBy ( int steps )
QString text () const
virtual QValidator::State validate ( QString & input, int & pos ) const
bool wrapping () const

Reimplemented Public Functions

virtual bool event ( QEvent * event )
virtual QVariant inputMethodQuery ( Qt::InputMethodQuery query ) const
virtual QSize minimumSizeHint () const
virtual QSize sizeHint () const
  • 221 public functions inherited from QWidget
  • 29 public functions inherited from QObject
  • 13 public functions inherited from QPaintDevice

Public Slots

virtual void clear ()
void selectAll ()
void stepDown ()
void stepUp ()
  • 19 public slots inherited from QWidget
  • 1 public slot inherited from QObject


void editingFinished ()

Protected Functions

void initStyleOption ( QStyleOptionSpinBox * option ) const
QLineEdit * lineEdit () const
void setLineEdit ( QLineEdit * lineEdit )
virtual StepEnabled stepEnabled () const

Reimplemented Protected Functions

virtual void changeEvent ( QEvent * event )
virtual void closeEvent ( QCloseEvent * event )
virtual void contextMenuEvent ( QContextMenuEvent * event )
virtual void focusInEvent ( QFocusEvent * event )
virtual void focusOutEvent ( QFocusEvent * event )
virtual void hideEvent ( QHideEvent * event )
virtual void keyPressEvent ( QKeyEvent * event )
virtual void keyReleaseEvent ( QKeyEvent * event )
virtual void mouseMoveEvent ( QMouseEvent * event )
virtual void mousePressEvent ( QMouseEvent * event )
virtual void mouseReleaseEvent ( QMouseEvent * event )
virtual void paintEvent ( QPaintEvent * event )
virtual void resizeEvent ( QResizeEvent * event )
virtual void showEvent ( QShowEvent * event )
virtual void timerEvent ( QTimerEvent * event )
virtual void wheelEvent ( QWheelEvent * event )
  • 37 protected functions inherited from QWidget
  • 8 protected functions inherited from QObject
  • 1 protected function inherited from QPaintDevice

Additional Inherited Members

  • 4 static public members inherited from QWidget
  • 7 static public members inherited from QObject
  • 1 protected slot inherited from QWidget

Detailed Description

The QAbstractSpinBox class provides a spinbox and a line edit to display values.

The class is designed as a common super class for widgets like QSpinBox, QDoubleSpinBox and QDateTimeEdit

Here are the main properties of the class:

  1. text: The text that is displayed in the QAbstractSpinBox.
  2. alignment: The alignment of the text in the QAbstractSpinBox.
  3. wrapping: Whether the QAbstractSpinBox wraps from the minimum value to the maximum value and vica versa.

QAbstractSpinBox provides a virtual stepBy() function that is called whenever the user triggers a step. This function takes an integer value to signify how many steps were taken. E.g. Pressing Qt::Key_Down will trigger a call to stepBy(-1).

QAbstractSpinBox also provide a virtual function stepEnabled() to determine whether stepping up/down is allowed at any point. This function returns a bitset of StepEnabled.

See also QAbstractSlider, QSpinBox, QDoubleSpinBox, QDateTimeEdit, and Spin Boxes Example.

Member Type Documentation

enum QAbstractSpinBox::ButtonSymbols

This enum type describes the symbols that can be displayed on the buttons in a spin box.

QAbstractSpinBox::UpDownArrows0Little arrows in the classic style.
QAbstractSpinBox::PlusMinus1+ and - symbols.
QAbstractSpinBox::NoButtons2Don't display buttons.

See also QAbstractSpinBox::buttonSymbols.

enum QAbstractSpinBox::CorrectionMode

This enum type describes the mode the spinbox will use to correct an Intermediate value if editing finishes.

QAbstractSpinBox::CorrectToPreviousValue0The spinbox will revert to the last valid value.
QAbstractSpinBox::CorrectToNearestValue1The spinbox will revert to the nearest valid value.

See also correctionMode.

enum QAbstractSpinBox::StepEnabledFlag
flags QAbstractSpinBox::StepEnabled


The StepEnabled type is a typedef for QFlags<StepEnabledFlag>. It stores an OR combination of StepEnabledFlag values.

Property Documentation

accelerated : bool

This property holds whether the spin box will accelerate the frequency of the steps when pressing the step Up/Down buttons.

If enabled the spin box will increase/decrease the value faster the longer you hold the button down.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.2.

Access functions:

bool isAccelerated () const
void setAccelerated ( bool on )

acceptableInput : const bool

This property holds whether the input satisfies the current validation.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.2.

Access functions:

bool hasAcceptableInput () const

See also validate(), fixup(), and correctionMode.

alignment : Qt::Alignment

This property holds the alignment of the spin box.

Possible Values are Qt::AlignLeft, Qt::AlignRight, and Qt::AlignHCenter.

By default, the alignment is Qt::AlignLeft

Attempting to set the alignment to an illegal flag combination does nothing.

Access functions:

Qt::Alignment alignment () const
void setAlignment ( Qt::Alignment flag )

See also Qt::Alignment.

buttonSymbols : ButtonSymbols

This property holds the current button symbol mode.

The possible values can be either UpDownArrows or PlusMinus. The default is UpDownArrows.

Note that some styles might render PlusMinus and UpDownArrows identically.

Access functions:

ButtonSymbols buttonSymbols () const
void setButtonSymbols ( ButtonSymbols bs )

See also ButtonSymbols.

correctionMode : CorrectionMode

This property holds the mode to correct an Intermediate value if editing finishes.

The default mode is QAbstractSpinBox::CorrectToPreviousValue.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.2.

Access functions:

CorrectionMode correctionMode () const
void setCorrectionMode ( CorrectionMode cm )

See also acceptableInput, validate(), and fixup().

frame : bool

This property holds whether the spin box draws itself with a frame.

If enabled (the default) the spin box draws itself inside a frame, otherwise the spin box draws itself without any frame.

Access functions:

bool hasFrame () const
void setFrame ( bool )

keyboardTracking : bool

This property holds whether keyboard tracking is enabled for the spinbox.

If keyboard tracking is enabled (the default), the spinbox emits the valueChanged() signal while the new value is being entered from the keyboard.

E.g. when the user enters the value 600 by typing 6, 0, and 0, the spinbox emits 3 signals with the values 6, 60, and 600 respectively.

If keyboard tracking is disabled, the spinbox doesn't emit the valueChanged() signal while typing. It emits the signal later, when the return key is pressed, when keyboard focus is lost, or when other spinbox functionality is used, e.g. pressing an arrow key.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.3.

Access functions:

bool keyboardTracking () const
void setKeyboardTracking ( bool kt )

readOnly : bool

This property holds whether the spin box is read only.

In read-only mode, the user can still copy the text to the clipboard, or drag and drop the text; but cannot edit it.

The QLineEdit in the QAbstractSpinBox does not show a cursor in read-only mode.

Access functions:

bool isReadOnly () const
void setReadOnly ( bool r )

See also QLineEdit::readOnly.

specialValueText : QString

This property holds the special-value text.

If set, the spin box will display this text instead of a numeric value whenever the current value is equal to minimum(). Typical use is to indicate that this choice has a special (default) meaning.

For example, if your spin box allows the user to choose a scale factor (or zoom level) for displaying an image, and your application is able to automatically choose one that will enable the image to fit completely within the display window, you can set up the spin box like this:

     QSpinBox *zoomSpinBox = new QSpinBox;
     zoomSpinBox->setRange(0, 1000);

The user will then be able to choose a scale from 1% to 1000% or select "Auto" to leave it up to the application to choose. Your code must then interpret the spin box value of 0 as a request from the user to scale the image to fit inside the window.

All values are displayed with the prefix and suffix (if set), except for the special value, which only shows the special value text. This special text is passed in the QSpinBox::valueChanged() signal that passes a QString.

To turn off the special-value text display, call this function with an empty string. The default is no special-value text, i.e. the numeric value is shown as usual.

If no special-value text is set, specialValueText() returns an empty string.

Access functions:

QString specialValueText () const
void setSpecialValueText ( const QString & txt )

text : const QString

This property holds the spin box's text, including any prefix and suffix.

There is no default text.

Access functions:

QString text () const

wrapping : bool

This property holds whether the spin box is circular.

If wrapping is true stepping up from maximum() value will take you to the minimum() value and vica versa. Wrapping only make sense if you have minimum() and maximum() values set.

 QSpinBox *spinBox = new QSpinBox(this);
 spinBox->setRange(0, 100);
 // value is 0

Access functions:

bool wrapping () const
void setWrapping ( bool w )

See also QSpinBox::minimum() and QSpinBox::maximum().

Member Function Documentation

QAbstractSpinBox::QAbstractSpinBox ( QWidget * parent = 0 )

Constructs an abstract spinbox with the given parent with default wrapping, and alignment properties.

QAbstractSpinBox::~QAbstractSpinBox ()

Called when the QAbstractSpinBox is destroyed.

void QAbstractSpinBox::changeEvent ( QEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::changeEvent().

void QAbstractSpinBox::clear () [virtual slot]

Clears the lineedit of all text but prefix and suffix.

void QAbstractSpinBox::closeEvent ( QCloseEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::closeEvent().

void QAbstractSpinBox::contextMenuEvent ( QContextMenuEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::contextMenuEvent().

void QAbstractSpinBox::editingFinished () [signal]

This signal is emitted editing is finished. This happens when the spinbox loses focus and when enter is pressed.

bool QAbstractSpinBox::event ( QEvent * event ) [virtual]

Reimplemented from QObject::event().

void QAbstractSpinBox::fixup ( QString & input ) const [virtual]

This virtual function is called by the QAbstractSpinBox if the input is not validated to QValidator::Acceptable when Return is pressed or interpretText() is called. It will try to change the text so it is valid. Reimplemented in the various subclasses.

void QAbstractSpinBox::focusInEvent ( QFocusEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::focusInEvent().

void QAbstractSpinBox::focusOutEvent ( QFocusEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::focusOutEvent().

void QAbstractSpinBox::hideEvent ( QHideEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::hideEvent().

void QAbstractSpinBox::initStyleOption ( QStyleOptionSpinBox * option ) const [protected]

Initialize option with the values from this QSpinBox. This method is useful for subclasses when they need a QStyleOptionSpinBox, but don't want to fill in all the information themselves.

See also QStyleOption::initFrom().

QVariant QAbstractSpinBox::inputMethodQuery ( Qt::InputMethodQuery query ) const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QWidget::inputMethodQuery().

void QAbstractSpinBox::interpretText ()

This function interprets the text of the spin box. If the value has changed since last interpretation it will emit signals.

void QAbstractSpinBox::keyPressEvent ( QKeyEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::keyPressEvent().

This function handles keyboard input.

The following keys are handled specifically:

Enter/ReturnThis will reinterpret the text and emit a signal even if the value has not changed since last time a signal was emitted.
UpThis will invoke stepBy(1)
DownThis will invoke stepBy(-1)
Page upThis will invoke stepBy(10)
Page downThis will invoke stepBy(-10)

void QAbstractSpinBox::keyReleaseEvent ( QKeyEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::keyReleaseEvent().

QLineEdit * QAbstractSpinBox::lineEdit () const [protected]

This function returns a pointer to the line edit of the spin box.

See also setLineEdit().

QSize QAbstractSpinBox::minimumSizeHint () const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QWidget::minimumSizeHint().

void QAbstractSpinBox::mouseMoveEvent ( QMouseEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::mouseMoveEvent().

void QAbstractSpinBox::mousePressEvent ( QMouseEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::mousePressEvent().

void QAbstractSpinBox::mouseReleaseEvent ( QMouseEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::mouseReleaseEvent().

void QAbstractSpinBox::paintEvent ( QPaintEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::paintEvent().

void QAbstractSpinBox::resizeEvent ( QResizeEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::resizeEvent().

void QAbstractSpinBox::selectAll () [slot]

Selects all the text in the spinbox except the prefix and suffix.

void QAbstractSpinBox::setLineEdit ( QLineEdit * lineEdit ) [protected]

Sets the line edit of the spinbox to be lineEdit instead of the current line edit widget. lineEdit can not be 0.

QAbstractSpinBox takes ownership of the new lineEdit

If QLineEdit::validator() for the lineEdit returns 0, the internal validator of the spinbox will be set on the line edit.

See also lineEdit().

void QAbstractSpinBox::showEvent ( QShowEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::showEvent().

QSize QAbstractSpinBox::sizeHint () const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QWidget::sizeHint().

void QAbstractSpinBox::stepBy ( int steps ) [virtual]

Virtual function that is called whenever the user triggers a step. The steps parameter indicates how many steps were taken, e.g. Pressing Qt::Key_Down will trigger a call to stepBy(-1), whereas pressing Qt::Key_Prior will trigger a call to stepBy(10).

If you subclass QAbstractSpinBox you must reimplement this function. Note that this function is called even if the resulting value will be outside the bounds of minimum and maximum. It's this function's job to handle these situations.

void QAbstractSpinBox::stepDown () [slot]

Steps down by one linestep Calling this slot is analogous to calling stepBy(-1);

See also stepBy() and stepUp().

StepEnabled QAbstractSpinBox::stepEnabled () const [virtual protected]

Virtual function that determines whether stepping up and down is legal at any given time.

The up arrow will be painted as disabled unless (stepEnabled() & StepUpEnabled) != 0.

The default implementation will return (StepUpEnabled| StepDownEnabled) if wrapping is turned on. Else it will return StepDownEnabled if value is > minimum() or'ed with StepUpEnabled if value < maximum().

If you subclass QAbstractSpinBox you will need to reimplement this function.

See also QSpinBox::minimum(), QSpinBox::maximum(), and wrapping().

void QAbstractSpinBox::stepUp () [slot]

Steps up by one linestep Calling this slot is analogous to calling stepBy(1);

See also stepBy() and stepDown().

void QAbstractSpinBox::timerEvent ( QTimerEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QObject::timerEvent().

QValidator::State QAbstractSpinBox::validate ( QString & input, int & pos ) const [virtual]

This virtual function is called by the QAbstractSpinBox to determine whether input is valid. The pos parameter indicates the position in the string. Reimplemented in the various subclasses.

void QAbstractSpinBox::wheelEvent ( QWheelEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::wheelEvent().